A Scientific Conceptualization of an Incredible Phenomenon: Time Dilation

Source.

1. ABSTRACT

“Those who are not shocked when they first come across quantum theory cannot possibly have understood it.”

—Neils Bohr (1885–1962)

2. INTRODUCTION

2.1 SUB-INTRODUCTION

“During October, 1971, four cesium atomic beam clocks were flown on regularly scheduled commercial jet flights around the world twice, once eastward and once westward, to test Einstein’s theory of relativity with macroscopic clocks. From the actual flight paths of each trip, the theory predicted that the flying clocks, compared with reference clocks at the U.S. Naval Observatory, should have lost 40+/-23 nanoseconds during the eastward trip and should have gained 275+/-21 nanoseconds during the westward trip … Relative to the atomic time scale of the U.S. Naval Observatory, the flying clocks lost 59+/-10 nanoseconds during the eastward trip and gained 273+/-7 nanosecond during the westward trip, where the errors are the corresponding standard deviations. These results provide an unambiguous empirical resolution of the famous clock “paradox” with macroscopic clocks.” (J.C. Hafele and R. E. Keating, (1972))

3. EINSTEIN’S SPECIAL RELATIVITY AND TIME DILATION

Time Dilation formula.
Figure 1 (above): illustrates the concept of Time Dilation. Source.
Equation 2.
Equation 3.
Equation 4.
Equation 5.
Equation 6.
Equation 7.
Equation 8.
Equation 9.
Equation 10.
Time Dilation formula.
Equation 11.
Equation 12.

4. REALITY OF TIME DILATION EFFECT WITH THE INTERPERSONAL

Figure 2: shows an interpersonal connection regarding the effects of time dilation on humans.

5. CONCLUSION

6. REFERENCES

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